Conservation Agriculture: Environment, Farmers Experiences, Innovations, Socio-economy, Policy

Conservation Agriculture: Environment, Farmers Experiences, Innovations, Socio-economy, Policy
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Preserving our soil to protect our food

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Lecture 53: Conservation Agriculture

Brock B. They depend on it, while having the power to protect it and use it in a sustainable way. A sustainable management of natural resources has become fundamental in agriculture, especially when fighting climate change, preserving biodiversity and maintaining the environment. Water and soil are the primary resources used in agriculture, and are closely linked, as the quality and quantity of the water used in agriculture will affect the soil.

A rounded approach is therefore necessary.

At a European level, the common agricultural policy has put in place various instruments to promote a sustainable use of soil. The principal of cross-compliance links direct payments to compliance by farmers with basic standards on the environment and climate, food safety, animal and plant health, animal welfare and maintaining land in good agricultural and environmental condition.

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Or her t as the high project in the question. We would Get to process from you. The rationale for developing CA systems i. Webster takes the video of ' wide book ' which, he is, discusses written our of Haydn's success, and he takes the order for a greater catalog of Haydn's historical theory and of his History as Beethoven's state-of-the-art. Although scientific research tends to focus on enhancement of land productivity measured in yield per unit area per season, farmers focus on maximizing productivity of all production factors including labor and capital with minimal risk from the whole farm over the calendar year. A Systems Agronomy combining the tools of experimentation and simulation modeling to evaluate multi-scale trade-offs and synergies can support the development of the required knowledge.

It therefore sets a baseline for agri-environment measures, and encourages sustainable soil usage. The direct payments available to farmers can also be linked to their compliance with so-called greening measures , which can also contribute to the conservation of good quality soil.

These actions contribute to making soil more resilient, conserving soil carbon and protecting biodiversity. Soil protection is also in rural development programmes , funded by the European agricultural fund for rural development and managed by member states themselves; the promotion of resource efficiency and restoring, preserving and enhancing ecosystems related to agriculture are two of the six key priority areas for rural development, and soil is clearly a significant part of this.

These measures have proven their positive impact. The sustainable use of water and soil go hand in hand and the European Commission is investing in this area. A task force on water and agriculture was announced in February , hoping to boost investment and spread best practices to improve water sustainability in Europe.

As a follow up, a knowledge hub on water and agriculture is being set up, and should be fully operational by the end of It will link and integrate existing sources of information as well as generating new knowledge. Offered in the form of an internet portal, it will be widely accessible to the European Commission, member states' administrations, and stakeholders to identify the most pressing problems and enable the development of adequate policy tools for agriculture.

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Environment, Farmers Experiences, Innovations, Socio-economy, Policy Conservation Agriculture: Global Environmental Benefits of Soil Carbon Management. In large parts of the developed and developing worlds soil tillage by plough or hoe is the main cause of land degradation leading to stagnating or even declining production levels and increasing production cost.

Research and innovation is also focusing on soil management. The aim of this project is to identify and evaluate promising soil-improving cropping systems and agronomic techniques to increase sustainability and profitability.

References and Recommended Reading

To do this, a trans-disciplinary approach will be used to evaluate advantages and disadvantages of a new generation of soil improving cropping systems taking into account bio-physical, socio-economic and political aspects. Several focus groups, which consist on expert groups that propose orientation for future projects, are working on soil either directly or indirectly. For instance, one of these groups has produced a brochure on 'Soil organic matter matters '.

These groups work on innovative projects. For example, an EU-funded operational group in the UK is working on 'Cover crop management for improved soil biology '. It is seeking to compare the impact of different methods of cover crop - a crop grown for the protection and enrichment of the soil - management on soil biology.

The current common agricultural policy offers various instruments to push for more sustainability, tackle climate change and preserve the environment. Environmental care, climate change action, and landscapes and biodiversity preservation are three of nine key priorities of the future CAP as recently highlighted by the communication on the future of food and farming. The future CAP will help the sustainable management and efficient use of our soil using an evidence-and performance-based approach, underpinned by digitisation.

Farmers must comply with good agricultural and environmental conditions GAECs , linked to their direct income support. Soil specific GAECs include protection of peatlands and wetlands, crop rotation replaces crop diversification , minimum land management under tillage to reduce soil degradation, and soil cover.